Necessity are essential elements for human being. The absence of these elements may cause harm and damage to human life. The examples of necessities such as shelter, food, and clothes.
The necessities are further classified by the scholars into five elements of preservations. The objective of Islamic rulings is mainly to protect these five elements from any harms. These preservations are known as:
- Protection of Faith or religion (din)
- Protection of Life (nafs)
- Protection of Lineage (nasl)
- Protection of Intellect (‘aql)
- Protection of Property (mal)
Some example of acts that are related to the preservations of the above are defending Islam against enemies’ attack (faith), build the hospital (lineage), provide education (Intellect), and distribution of wealth in fairly manner through Zakat (property).
These are the objectives which are must and basic for the establishment of welfare in this world and the world hereafter in the sense that if they are ignored then the coherence and order cannot be established and fasad (chaos and disorder) will prevail in this world and there will be obvious loss in the world hereafter.